The key to buying the right apartment is knowing where to look and what features to consider. Gea Elika, the Principal Broker of Elika Real Estate, shares his expert insight on how to find the perfect home for you in New York City. A home that will not only reward you with walls, square footage, and appliances but become an asset with the potential to outperform the broader market.
You are entering into a (vertical) community. Meaning there are essential considerations a home Buyer must contemplate before choosing a home to buy. Deconstructing the search process will help guide you towards finding the best apartment and building to call your home.
What to Look for in an ApartmentWhat to Look for in an Apartment
When looking for an apartment in New York City, you will want to find an apartment that fits your needs and those that may arise over the next few years. But if you want one that also has the potential to become a powerful asset, then you’ll have to consider resale value.
Why Resale Value is ImportantWhy Resale Value is Important
It sounds strange, but the best time to consider what your home or apartment will one day sell for is before you buy it. Perhaps premature, but one day your or your heirs will have to sell the property. If you choose a home now because it’s cheap, that can mean problems later if there’s a lack of appeal or demand. Choose an apartment in a neighborhood with depreciating value, and it will sell for much less than what you originally paid for it.
Our primary focus is on New York City real estate. Here, things like lot size and curb appeal may be on the radar of some buyers but won’t be factors for most city dwellers. Of course, if you’re searching for a home in one of the outer boroughs, those factors may come into play. When considering resale value, we’ll be focusing more on Manhattan and urban areas in the outer boroughs. Below are the primary considerations that will affect resale value.
Would the features and style appeal to future buyers?Would the features and style appeal to future buyers?
It’s wise to contemplate which features will appeal to future buyers down the road. Square footage is a consideration, but an open layout also weighs in. Still, previous owners liked the privacy of closed-off spaces, showing that tastes evolve. However, this is usually an easy fix to create. Regarding bedrooms, while the mantra “more is better” is accepted wisdom, it’s not always right when home shopping in NYC. An apartment with a poor layout will be limited in what renovations you can do.
The price difference between a three-bedroom and two-bedroom apartment is not nearly as much as that between a one-bedroom and two-bedroom apartment. Three-bedroom apartments are competing with single-family homes.
Some amenities will be attractive to future buyers that will likely stand the test of time. Aside from a spacious, open concept, storage space is essential. Counter space and closets will also be looked upon favorably by future buyers. An updated kitchen is also a great attraction; this is discussed below under the upgrades heading.
Does the apartment have something that sets it apart from all the others?Does the apartment have something that sets it apart from all the others?
Being your home, it should have something that sets it apart from all the others. Particular details I love to see include high ceilings, large windows, pre-war features in the case of a co-op, open floor-plans, a positive flow, and quality renovation. It’s not just personal taste, though. These sorts of timeless, structural features enhance your capital appreciation beyond expectations, which means your investment pays off sooner.
The same goes for other benefits that cannot be replaced. For instance, an apartment with an open view and lots of sunlight. Although, that’s assuming there’s no empty lot across the road that can be developed into a skyrise that blocks your sunlight. These sorts of ‘tried and true benefits’ are always going to add value. Should the market get stronger, so too will your property value at an accelerated rate.
Does it have a great View?Does it have a great View?
As a homeowner, you can change paint colors, upgrade appliances, and install hardwood floors. But you can never replace the view from your living room window. Nor can future homebuyers, which is why it’s essential you have an exposure that speaks positively for itself.
Is the renovation to your taste?Is the renovation to your taste?
Do you love the apartment, or do you like it for what it could be? Either is fine, but if it’s not move-in ready, it’s worth getting an estimate for how much a renovation will cost. Be wary, though, renovating an apartment you love is one thing. But keep in mind that your residence is an asset you might one day want to sell. It’s essential to renovate in a way that will help the property appreciate over time and hold resale value. Any renovations will wish to appeal to someone else’s style down the line.
Are rooms well proportioned?Are rooms well proportioned?
Are the rooms the right size, or are they going to drive you crazy in about two weeks? What about the bathroom and kitchen? Are they well suited to your lifestyle? Generally speaking, a kitchen or bath will make or break your apartment. As such, you’ll need to be happy with the dimensions from the start. If you’re not satisfied with their sizes, then you’ll need a plan to expand them. If that’s the case, get a quote before you sign the contract.
Any living space that you wish was a little larger but can be managed will mean problems for resale. If a bedroom is too small and cannot be enlarged, it will negatively impact the resale value of your apartment.
Are the appliances new?Are the appliances new?
If the appliances are new, then you are pretty much all set. Make sure that they are still under warranty, and if not, then make sure they all work. If they’re not to your liking, you may want to replace them at some point. Check what the replacement cost is going to be. If you already love the place, this isn’t a big deal. Just remember, it’ll cost an extra couple thousand to replace the appliances.
Does the apartment have hardwood floors?Does the apartment have hardwood floors?
If it does, make sure they are real. Second, do they need to be refinished? This is a relatively small cost, but it’s something more natural to do before all your possessions are moved in. As for imitation wood, steer clear. It may look gorgeous, but it wears terribly and is indicative of cheap construction that might be present throughout the apartment and building.
Does the apartment have a washer-dryer?Does the apartment have a washer-dryer?
If it does have a washer/dryer, great! If not, is it on the floor, in the building, or down the street at a laundromat? I’d recommend going to for in-unit if possible but if not, aim for in the building. Far more convenient than lugging your clothes around all the time, especially in the January snow!
Is the building well maintained and have a clean basement?Is the building well maintained and have a clean basement?
A well-maintained building and clean basement indicate that the building is well cared for, and that problem will be addressed quickly and effectively. First, this means that there are likely fewer problems beneath the surface and is a good indicator of quality. Second, it says that any issues that do crop up are likely to be dealt with quickly, which is the absolute best way to keep costs down.
Does the apartment have space-saving central HVAC?Does the apartment have space-saving central HVAC?
Central HVAC is by far the cheapest and most effective way to control the temperature of your house. Plus, it takes up the least space! Make sure you ask how your new apartment is heated and cooled, and aim to get central HVAC.
Does it have too much character?Does it have too much character?
Something that you consider charming or unique about a property might not be as attractive to another buyer. So, if you’re buying an apartment with the chance of reselling it in the future, then you should avoid properties with too much character. Classic architecture and vintage details that match the property’s overall design are all part of the home’s original concept and will add to the resale. But “funky” layouts such as a kitchen you have to walk through to get to the master bedroom and glass brick bathroom walls might hurt the resale value. Look for great bones.
Upgrades: Not all are created equalUpgrades: Not all are created equal
After making the purchase, you may very well decide to make renovations. Specific remodeling jobs will add more value than other ones. Kitchens and bathrooms have long been noted to pay for themselves regarding the ability to fetch a higher price when owners decide to resale. The updates do not need to be significant overhauls. Simple things like replacing the caulk, updating the hardware on the cabinets, and replacing the faucets can make a difference.
There are other things you can do to increase the value of your home. A well-lit space, including natural light, more efficient heating and air conditioning, and flooring are all items that can boost your home’s value, aside from creating open spaces. This does not mean you should neglect routine maintenance. It is imperative to keep up with repairs. Little problems like a leak can turn into major ones. A well-maintained home will be an attractive site for future buyers.
Upgrade Where it CountsUpgrade Where it Counts
If your new home needs some renovations, make sure you upgrade in the areas where it’ll result in a return on your investment. The two most significant returns on your investment are remodeling your kitchen and your bathroom.
Just remember the character tip above during your remodeling adventures and avoid any designs that are over the top. Stainless steel appliances in the kitchen are always the right choice, and simple tiles alongside muted colors in the bathroom are also wise when redesigning.
Other considerationsOther considerations
There are other things to consider, which may seem small but will matter to future buyers. You will need to look into the history of the apartment. For instance, if there has been mold, even if it has been remediated, it could turn off some buyers. If the condo is a fifth-floor walk-up, that presents an inconvenience, especially to the elderly or those with little children. Amenities such as a gym in the building and a doorman are excellent features to advertise.
What to Look for in a BuildingWhat to Look for in a Building
Location, location, locationLocation, location, location
This is a familiar real estate refrain, but it takes on a whole new meaning for New York City apartments. There are different definitions for a desirable location outside of the city. In the city, convenience and walkability are essential.
It may be a cliché, but it is the most important issue relating to the resale. However, there is a multitude of things to contemplate under this broad category. Nor is it a matter of merely buying in the most expensive neighborhood. For instance, there have been many neighborhoods in Brooklyn and Manhattan that have seen a revival over the last several years. Nonetheless, a smaller house in a more affluent area will fetch more than a large home in a more modest neighborhood.
Some qualities make the location more desirable. Foremost is the quality of the schools, making it a key consideration even if you do not plan to have children. There have been several studies tying the quality of schools to the price of homes in the neighborhood. Frequently, test scores considered as the primary basis for the ranking. There is a wealth of information online as well as websites that crunch the numbers. For instance, schooldigger.com provides ratings on New York City school districts.
Additional considerationsAdditional considerations
Several other essential criteria make a particular location desirable. These include being on a quiet street, a sense of community, the ability to walk to amenities such as shopping and schools, proximity to parks, and access to public transportation.
The neighborhood’s zoning should be checked. Although it may not be an issue currently, it could go down the road if private businesses are allowed. This could create unwanted noise and even pollution.
Choose the right neighborhoodChoose the right neighborhood
If you genuinely want the most bang for your resale value while also enjoying your home or apartment while you live there, then you need to choose a great neighborhood along with a great property. Keep in mind that less than desirable communities might have a beneficial factor by the time you’re ready to resell. Neighborhood gentrification usually takes five to 10 years depending on the area, so if you’re only planning on living in the apartment or house for a few years before selling, the neighborhood might not reach desirable status yet.
Make Sure Your Curb AppealsMake Sure Your Curb Appeals
A make or break deal with many homebuyers is curb appeal, so make sure your home is just as beautiful on the outside as it is on the inside. This means a well-constructed with desirable architecture, well maintained from the curb and through-out. If you’re reselling your apartment, curb appeal plays a significant role. An apartment building’s exterior condition is out of your control, so make sure you choose an apartment in a building with an attractive façade and entrance.
The interior and exteriorThe interior and exterior
The exterior can be thought of as “curb appeal,” but it entails more in the case of the city. The building should be attractive and fit in with the community. It should have desirable characteristics and or be well designed so that it matures gracefully over the long term. The interior of the building is also significant. It should be done tastefully. You can quickly change the paint color of your apartment, but that is not the case for the building. The style of furniture, lighting, flooring (carpets, hardwood, etc.), and landings are just some of the things you should examine upon entering the building. Beyond style, the building should be well-maintained.
You should keep an eye on everything, with no detail too small to escape your notice. This may seem like nitpicking, but a sloppy appearance not only looks terrible, it could be a precursor of a negligent staff when you need maintenance on your apartment. Check for peeling paint, cracks in the wall, or dirty carpet. After all, this is your first impression of the building.
Service with a smileService with a smile
You can also find out which management company the building uses, and check out its record. Some are notorious for providing poor service. Don’t associate a more prominent management company with quality. If the building has a doorman, he/she should be courteous and greet people with a smile. That is easy to spot, but the uniforms should be neat and clean, too.
Overall, security is critical for you to feel safe at home. The amenities should be something you will want and utilize. A well-equipped gym and outdoor terrace are two useful items. You are paying common/maintenance charges, so these should go to things you desire rather than something impractical and wasteful.
Digging deeperDigging deeper
Thus far, your inspection of the building has been pretty straightforward. It is now time to explore further and look beyond the surface.
Building FinancialsBuilding Financials
Your eyes may glaze over at the thought of examining financial statements. You may even have trouble balancing your checkbook. But a building’s financials are relatively easy to digest, and your broker can get you a copy. Firstly, check to see whether the statements have been audited. Next, it is time to turn to the financial statements. The income statement will tell you whether revenue exceeds expenses or the opposite. If it is the latter, that is not a good situation since there is a loss.
This could mean future hikes in your monthly maintenance/condo common charges or a cut in services. If ongoing, the building is not being run efficiently. You should also check the balance sheet, and see how much cash is available, and compare it to the year-ago figure. Lastly, you will want to look at the cash flow statement to see that the building is cash flow positive and where the cash is going. A building should have a big enough reserve to withstand an emergency, such as a substantial repair. A well-run building will have enough reserves to cover three to six months’ worth of expenses.
House RulesHouse Rules
Next, it is time to look at the house rules of the co-op or condo. Everybody will have to abide by these, and you should make sure you can live with them. While bylaws relate to the operation and governance of the co-op/condo, such as matters relating to the election of the board and frequency of the meeting, house rules focus on the quality of life issues. Mostly, these are what you can do, and what is not permissible. Ideally, these are rooted in common sense, focusing on the residents’ safety and keeping order. However, these can go overboard.
One house rule you should pay particular attention to is whether or not short-term rentals are permitted. Renters, particularly those that will not be there for an extended period, will not put the same care into the building as an owner. Also, if more than 50% of the condo units are investor or sponsor-owned, banks may be reluctant to lend, making obtaining a mortgage more challenging.
Unit MixUnit Mix
It is now time to turn to the mix of units in the building. Ideally, you do not want to buy the biggest apartment in the building. It is an old real estate axiom to buy a smaller house in the best neighborhood rather than the largest one in a less desirable area. Also, the fewer the number of apartments in the building, the more desirable. More units mean more crowding, increased wait times for things like the elevator, and more neighbors. You will also have more competition when it is time to sell or rent your apartment.
Final ThoughtsFinal Thoughts
There is a host of factors to consider before buying an apartment. For instance, new construction may cost more, but will future the newness wear off when you decide to move? An agent can be of great assistance. After all, he or she does this for a living, while you will only buy a home a couple of times during your lifetime. A buyer’s agent may be in the best position to help since he/she is seeking to put you in the optimal home, while a seller’s agent is likely trying to maximize price and his/her commission. If you’re considering purchasing an apartment in the
New York City area, then you’re already thinking about your future. But, if selling your home down the road is in the cards, then you need to remember regarding potential buyers, as well. With fruitful reselling in mind, here are some things to consider when it comes to the resale value of your new real estate purchase.
There is a lot of pressure when buying an apartment. For many, it is one of the most significant investments they will ever make, so potential buyers are understandably concerned about what lies beneath the surface of the fresh coat of paint and that it’s the right home for them. Finding the right building is a complex undertaking, with many considerations. Aside from the ones mentioned, you should also see if there is storage space. It may not be a deal-breaker, but it is an item that is nice to have and a selling point when you are ready to move. These considerations should help you make sure you are getting your money’s worth as well as ensure that you love your apartment in 10 years just as much as you enjoy it today.